Officials warn that 5 major tech sectors will determine whether China overtakes the US

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""Tech News"" – Google News

US intelligence agencies responsible for protecting advanced technologies have narrowed their focus to five key sectors: artificial intelligence, quantum computers, biotechnology, semiconductors, and autonomous systems.

Why it matters: China and Russia are using a variety of legal and illegal methods to undermine and overtake US dominance in these critical industries, officials warned in a new paper. Their success will determine “whether America remains the world’s leading superpower or is overshadowed by strategic competitors.”

Driving the news: The National Counterintelligence and Security Center has launched a campaign to warn U.S. corporations and researchers of foreign intelligence threats to these sectors targeted by the Chinese and Russian governments through international collaboration, talent recruitment and espionage:

  • TO THE: Officials warn that current trends suggest China has “the power, talent and ambition” to outperform the US in AI over the next decade, which could significantly exacerbate the threats posed by cyberattacks and disinformation campaigns.
  • Quantum: Some overseas countries spend significantly more on quantum development than the US, which puts them in a better position to recruit American talent. Anyone who wins the race for quantum dominance could endanger the economic and national security communications of other countries, the paper claims.
  • Biotechnology: Competition in the global bioeconomy has intensified in recent decades as foreign countries stole technology and intellectual property from the US. As an example, the paper highlights breakthrough technologies in genomics that could be used for “surveillance and social repression”.
  • Semiconductor: The global nature of the semiconductor supply chain, which is currently disrupted, creates economic bottlenecks that adversaries can exploit. For example, the USA is extremely dependent on a company in Taiwan for important chip components.
  • Autonomous systems: The expansion of these systems for both military and civil purposes represents a “growing target for malicious cyber actors,” warns the paper.

The big picture: Acting NCSC Director Michael Orlando told reporters that he is not advocating “decoupling” the US and Chinese economies, but instead stressed, “If you want to do business and work together, be smart.”

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