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“Children should be able to learn without having to worry about whether they will be denied access to the toilet, the changing room or school sports,” the order says.
Legal proceedings are pending.
Last year, Idaho became the first state to pass legislation banning transgender women from participating in women’s sports. A federal judge temporarily suspended this ban in August and it will not be enforced while the case is pending.
Conversely, 16 states and the District of Columbia have laws that allow athletes in high school or younger to compete in teams that match their gender identity, according to Transathlete.com founder Chris Mosier, the guidelines regarding transgender athletes in the US tracked United States.
Connecticut, one of those 16 states, has been sued by three athletes alleging that allowing transgender girls to participate in women’s sports violates Title IX, the 1972 law that bans gender discrimination in educational organizations that receive federal funding. Title IX has helped open many sports opportunities for women across the country.
Under former President Donald J. Trump, the U.S. Department of Education said Connecticut’s high school policy was against Title IX. The Biden government withdrew that decision last month. The ACLU is pushing for the lawsuit to be dropped, and a Connecticut judge is expected to rule in the coming weeks.
How many transgender athletes are there in the US?
There is no service that tracks the number of transgender athletes nationally. While it’s difficult to pinpoint the number of transgender people in the U.S., a Gallup poll published last month estimated that around 0.6 percent of the nation’s adults have been identified as transgender.
Joanna Harper, a researcher at Loughborough University in the UK, is studying the effects of hormone therapy on transgender athletes. In an interview last summer, she estimated that out of 200,000 women in college sports, around 50 are transgender at any given time.
The Associated Press reported last week that it contacted two dozen lawmakers who sponsored bills that would restrict transgender athletes from participating in teams that match their gender identity. Most of these lawmakers, the news agency said, “cannot cite a single case in their own state or region in which such involvement has caused problems.”